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Tuesday, 30 April 2013

Pentaho Schema Workbench(PSW)-OLAP CUBEs ------- Enabling log files for displaying SQL and MDX queries




TOPIC
Mondrian Cubes Debugging :
1)      How to display SQL Queries
2)      How to display MDX Queries
Editing mondrian.properties file and log4j.properties file to view SQL Queries and MDX Queries which are generated by Mondrian Engine.
Author
Sadakar Pochampalli
Date
27th  April 2012
Source


·         How to look at the queries that Mondrian generates while the user is navigating the OLAP cube. ?
·         It's really useful to look at Mondrian log files because they give us a lot of useful information about how our system is behaving.
·         We can
o    look at sql statements and MDX queries,
o    Have some profiling information on queries that are executed,
o    Get other useful debugging informations.

The following Steps illustrate how to enable Mondrian debugging logs, adding some properties to the Mondrian configuration file.
After that, we'll configure two new log4j appenders to have the desired log files properly written on our file system.
Step 1: Enable Mondrian debug log
Mondrian has a big set of configuration settings that can be modified. In our case, to enable Mondrian debug informations follow the steps detailed below:

Open the
 mondrian.properties file located in <bi-server_home>/pentaho-solution/system/mondrian and add the following line.

mondrian.rolap.generate.formatted.sql=true

Example: 
   Mondrian.properties file location.
D:\Installation Softwares\Pentaho\biserver-ce-4.8.0-stable\biserver-ce\pentaho-solutions\system\mondrian



Step 2: Update log4j configuration                 

At this point we're going to modify the log4j configuration file adding the required appenders  categories to have our logging information displayed properly

Open the log4j.xml file located in <bi-server_home>/tomcat/webapps/pentaho/WEB-INF/classes

Based on what you want to log, add the one or each of the following lines to the file. They will create two new RollingFileAppenders. You're free to use the kind of appender you prefer.
Example:
Location of log4j.xml file
D:\Installation Softwares\Pentaho\biserver-ce-4.8.0-stable\biserver-ce\tomcat\webapps\pentaho\WEB-INF\classe
Add the following code.
NOTE: The code is already available within the file.. Just we need to uncomment.

   <appender name="MDXLOG" class="org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender">
     <param name="File" value="../logs/mondrian_mdx.log"/>
     <param name="Append" value="false"/>
     <param name="MaxFileSize" value="500KB"/>
     <param name="MaxBackupIndex" value="1"/>
     <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
       <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%d %-5p [%c] %m%n"/>
     </layout>
   </appender>

   <category name="mondrian.mdx">
      <priority value="DEBUG"/>
      <appender-ref ref="MDXLOG"/>
   </category>
  

   <!-- ========================================================= -->
   <!-- Special Log File specifically for Mondrian SQL Statements -->
   <!-- ========================================================= -->

  
   <appender name="SQLLOG" class="org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender">
     <param name="File" value="../logs/mondrian_sql.log"/>
     <param name="Append" value="false"/>
     <param name="MaxFileSize" value="500KB"/>
     <param name="MaxBackupIndex" value="1"/>
     <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
       <param name="ConversionPattern" value="%d %-5p [%c] %m%n"/>
     </layout>
   </appender>

   <category name="mondrian.sql">
      <priority value="DEBUG"/>
      <appender-ref ref="SQLLOG"/>
   </category>


Step 3: Enable the new log settings
To have the new log settings enabled restart the Pentaho bi-server instance.
Log files location
D:\Installation Softwares\Pentaho\biserver-ce-4.8.0-stable\biserver-ce\tomcat\logs
After restarting the server and when you run the CUBE-OLAP...
You can find the following two files in the above location.
Files are:
i)                    Mondrian_mdx.log
ii)                   Mondrian_sql.log


Now, Enjoy analysing SQL queries that generated while performing run actions in various tools like Pentaho Analyser, Saiku Analysis.



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